The following is a guest post written by Jane Grates.
Jane manages Sleeklens.com which specializes in Lightroom workflows and Photoshop. You can connect with them on facebook, twitter orYoutube. When she is not busy managing Sleeklens, you can find her traveling around the world or enjoying long walks in nature.
With the demands of creating quality post-production work professionally, beauty retouching is no longer a basic task that anybody can do and end up with a successful product. There are certain little-known rules that make beauty retouching an entirely new category within the world of professional photography. Through this guide, we are going to review 10 essential tips and tricks that will take beauty retouching in Lightroom to the next level!
The adjustment brush tool is going to become your best friend
When we edit pictures inside Lightroom, we are very familiar with the usage of presets in order to achieve quick results without too many problems, but what about the brushes offered by many professional designers these days? Brushes are for local adjustments that can be performed regardless of the topic of the picture. You have full control over them, and if you happen to work with brush presets, you can even control the intensity of the adjustment used.
Inside your resources library, you should keep a good set of Lightroom brushes to use for different kinds of retouching:
- Improving skin
- Softening skin
…and much more. In general, you will not regret taking the time to produce those brushes, as they will come in handy in your workflow on countless occasions.
Split your task into areas
It is best to define areas narrowly, so you can work on each one specifically, rather than sticking to just one brush and adapting it as you change your target. Define areas on the skin as you work on producing the adjustments needed, and you will end up with a better quality result.
Areas, such as under the eyes, above the lips, or even a receding hairline require special attention, since you are not just softening for a professional result, but also wanting to keep detail, otherwise your subject won’t look realistic.
Always enhance eyes
As the phrase says, “the eyes are the windows to the soul”, which is a very true statement. There is no better image of sensuality than a close-up picture of a model with stunning eyes, carefully applied makeup, and combined with a short but powerful phrase defining the product you want to sell.
In order to get results like this, you need to mask the eyes with the Lightroom adjustment brush and adjust Exposure, Clarity and Contrast as your first attempt to create a quality result.
You can also enhance the tint of eyes by using HSL parameters, although you shouldn’t overdo this adjustment, or the result won’t look realistic.
For that “Colgate smile” result, the very first thing you need to do is to fix discolored teeth, but how can do you go about making this adjustment?
First, determine if your subject is suffering from either yellow or gray teeth. In either case, the adjustment is going to be similar.
If the subject suffers from yellow toned teeth, you need to reduce the yellow tint and increase blue values, and if the subject’s teeth look gray, you have to increase the yellow tint slightly at the Temp Slider inside the Adjustment brush tool.
Other values you will likely have to compensate are Saturation, Contrast, Highlights, and Shadows. Exposure is optional, and you should avoid using Clarity, as you will bring too much attention to the teeth.
Work with tiny brush sizes and use some feather value, although not too much, otherwise you are likely to mask areas like the lips.
Especially in outdoor pictures, it is absolutely necessary to emphasize the lips of your subject, otherwise the whitened teeth, you already applied are going to look unprofessional to say the least.
To give your subject a really nice-looking rose lips effect, you have to apply a warm up setup with the Adjustment Brush tool, while also reducing parameters such as Clarity and Contrast. You want the lips to be soft and sensual, but you’re not trying to increase the amount of detail on them. Increase saturation as well.
Again, you will have to work with a variety of brush sizes as lips have a lot of detail, and please avoid using the same brush inside the mouth. If you want to give a bit more color to gums, create another brush instead. This, however, is not a very common adjustment.
Use sharpening in areas that require it
Things like eyelashes and certain skin areas also require special attention from you in order to boost their appearance. In those cases, use the Adjustment Brush to mask all the areas needed.
Always keep in mind that you won’t be able to add detail that doesn’t exist to the picture, so Sharpening will work only until a certain point… and from there on, all you’re going to add to the image is an unnecessary amount of noise.
Need to perform a quick sun tan? Use Clarity
Even if it sounds hard to believe, the Clarity slider is quite capable of simulating an intense sun tan effect without looking too orange in the process. This is because it not only enhances detail in images, but it tends to increase the amount of pigment in certain hues, while keeping the saturation under control.
Of course, you don’t want to overuse this slider, or the image will look like a HDR rather than a beauty retouching, but also keep in mind that this will bring detail, so it will reverse the skin softening effect.
Fixing under-eye bags
For hiding those annoying under-eye shadows we might encounter during portrait photography, we can simply correct it by using the Spot Removal tool and sampling a soft, bright area like the forehead. Remember to sample large areas rather than tiny spots, going over the area you need to correct evenly in order to blend in the sampled texture applied to the area.
Hiding unwanted elements
When shooting the picture, there are times where we overlook unwanted details, such as sections of wires, scratches, tree bark, etc. that may look distracting in certain areas of our image. Without having to use Photoshop, we can fix these elements by using the Spot Removal tool in Clone mode.
All you need to do is sampling an area with tint fairly similar to the area we want to mask. Bring Opacity to 100% in order to completely hide the element or reduce it to around 80%, if you want the object to blend in with the cloned texture.
Use presets to create mystic effects
Presets can be incredibly useful in beauty photography, as they allow us to perform many levels of retouching with just one simple step – just one click. Be sure you choose quality presets meant for portrait retouching, as presets covering other topics won’t improve your image to a high standard (unless your intent is to apply special effects to your image, in which case you can use Cyanotype or Cross Processing presets).
Quickly turn your image from a colorful shot to a stunning Black and White image. In just seconds, you can have up to 2-4 possible variations of your images, as long as you happen to work with the right resources.
As you can see, Lightroom provides everything needed in order to apply professional retouching to our images, all without requiring extra software like Adobe Photoshop or something similar. Keep practicing in order to improve your skills, and soon you will realize that most retouching will take mere seconds, because you will develop the skill to spot problem areas on your image off-hand. In general, the idea is to have as much fun while doing the post-production work, as you do while taking pictures.
Good luck and keep editing!